Social/Behavioural and Cognitive Development at 3-4 Years in Relation to Family Background

Technical Paper 7

Paperback / softback, 48 pages, 297 mm x 210 mm
1 Jan 1990
Institute of Education

Price: £8.50

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The Effective Provision of Pre-School Education (EPPE) project is a research study of children’s progress and development aged from 3 to 7 years, and how progress relates to their pre-school centre experience and family background. This paper considers the relationship of social development and cognitive attainment to the range of variables available in the study that measure characteristics of the children, their parents, their family, their home and childcare history. A wide range of variables in considered and the nature of associations between family background and children’s development are explored.

  • Edward Melhuish

    Birkbeck, University of London

  • Kathy Sylva

    Department of Educational Studies

    University of Oxford

  • Pam Sammons

    Institute of Education, University of London

  • Iram Siraj-Blatchford

    Institute of Education, University of London

  • Brenda Taggart

    Institute of Education, University of London

Overview of the project
Executive summary
The sample
Method of data collection
Cognitive development
Social/behavioural development
The Adaptive Social Behaviour Inventory (ASBI)
Parental interview
Section A Developing the outcome variables
Social/behavioural development – Factor analyses of ASBI items
Measures of cognitive development
Relationship between the five ASBI factors and cognitive development
Section B Developing a model of factors affecting children’s developmental level
Parental characteristics
Family characteristics
Child characteristics
Home characteristics
Childcare history
Analysis strategy
Section C Social/Behavioural development
Analysis of the five social/behavioural factors
Final regression model of predictors for co-operation/conformity
Final regression model of predictors for peer sociability
Final regression model of predictors for confidence
Final regression model of predictors for antisocial behaviour
Summary of Section C: Regression analyses for social/behavioural development
Section D Cognitive development
Final regression model for overall cognitive scores
Final regression model for nonverbal cognitive scores
Summary of Section D: Regression analyses for cognitive development
Summary and Discussion
Childcare History
Appendix 1
Adaptive Social Behaviour Inventory
Appendix 2
The three-scale resolution of ASBI
Relationship of the five-factor and three-scale resolutions
Three social/behavioural scales and cognitive development
Analyses of the three-scale resolution of ASBI data
Final regression model of predictors for social competence (social competence)
Final regression model of predictors for compliance
Final regression model of predictors for disruptive behaviour
Appendix 3
Final regression model for worried/upset behaviour