Policing Youth Violence

Transatlantic connections

Paperback / softback, 244 pages, 234 mm x 156 mm
4 Oct 2013
Trentham Books

Price: £26.99

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Gang violence is a growing concern for politicians, police, and the public. This book focuses on two cities with very different demographics and gang cultures – Cincinnati, Ohio and Glasgow, Scotland – and their innovative deterrence strategies.

Readers will ride along with operational police officers while they patrol the streets of these cities. They will hear the voices of senior officers, offenders, and street workers as they reflect upon the impact of the street culture and its relationship with territoriality and with social and cultural inequality.

The author draws upon his ethnographic research with police officers, young offenders, and street workers to analyse the different kinds of youth violence and their underlying causes. From his examination of the policy transfer principles that underpin the Cincinnati/Community Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) he identifies potential strategies for dealing with the issues that lead to youth violence in cities in the West.

The book will be essential reading for those concerned with community welfare and criminal justice: politicians; youth/community leaders and social workers; academic researchers into policing, youth violence, and crime; and for police officers and leadership trainers.

  • Ross Deuchar

    Ross Deuchar is Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice, in the School of Social Sciences at the University of the West of Scotland. He is the author of Gangs, Marginalised Youth and Social Capital.

CONTENTS: Foreword (Robin S. Engel); Introduction; 1. The causes and effects of youth violence: Transatlantic perspectives; 2. Policing the violence: Challenges and opportunities; 3. Tales and confessions from an ethnography: The communities, research methods, and ethical issues; 4. Gangs, guns, and (dis)respect: The causes and nature of youth violence in Cincinnati; 5. Strains, critical moments, and street violence: Tales of Glasgow’s lost boys; 6. From zero tolerance to ‘PhD cops’: Police journeys and the CIRV model in Cincinnati; 7. Guns, Tasers, and ‘hard chargers’: Police culture on the streets of Cincinnati; 8. Transatlantic connections, transitions, and lesson-drawing: Designing and delivering CIRV in Glasgow; 9. Cops, lads, labels, and searches: Insights from the Gangs Task Force in Glasgow; 10. Faith, love, and hope: The work of Street Advocates in Cincinnati; 11. Sport, youth work, and intensive support: Taking young men on social and spiritual journeys in Glasgow; 12. Journeys towards desistance in Cincinnati and Glasgow; 13. Focused deterrence: Continuing journeys and new applications; References; Index

Deuchar provides a textured and compelling account of youth violence, unravelling the unique and common causes that lead impoverished teens to victimize in lethal ways ... Carefully researched and accessibly written, this volume is both essential reading for scholars and ideal for classroom use.

Professor Francis Cullen, Distinguished Research Professor, University of Cincinnati

Ross Deuchar’s ‘Policing Youth Violence’...examines innovative initiatives in Cincinnati and Glasgow aimed at reducing youthful criminality, is particularly to be welcomed... Innovative in approach and wide-ranging in scope, this book will be of huge interest to scholars of policing, youth crime, gangs and desistance.

Professor Tim Newburn, London School of Economics

The policing of gang activity in the West of Scotland has never been easy. Police Scotland has had to look at new, innovative ways to impact on this type of territorial and recreational violence and evidence based academic research has been used by the police to maximize our effectiveness. Professor Deuchar has been central to the development of our successful strategy. I would recommend this book to all who have an interest in this type of law enforcement work.

Robert Hamilton, Chief Superintendent, Licensing and Violence Reduction Division