Posted by & filed under Book of the month.

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Higher Education for the Public Good

Our first featured ‘Book of the month’ is ‘Higher Education for the Public Good – Views from the South’ edited by Brenda Leibowitz.

by Dr Gillian Klein

‘The time has come for universities to take sides ­– and that side should be the public good’. These words from the Rector of Stellenbosch University, Professor Russell Botman, apply as much to western universities, including our own, as they do to his.

This book is very relevant at a time when education in the developing world is being increasingly targeted at higher rather than primary level, in pursuit of optimal public good. When the ultimate aim is the public good, the rewards can be great, benefiting the whole country and not just the graduates. But the challenges are immense.

Higher Education for the Public Good is a key text for every country that follows a programme of widening participation. This Trentham Book is published in association with SUN MeDIA in South Africa. Here, the perspective from the South gives it added value.

Editor Brenda Leibowitz and many of the contributors teach at Stellenbosch – less than 30 years ago a university for whites only. Now it is resolved to deliver first-rate education to non-standard entrants whose early schooling was hijacked by apartheid. The insights its academics offer are not easily obtainable in the North and we can learn from them. They give us an evaluative framework for a socially just institution, they explore the role of curriculum in advancing public-good education, and they identify the attributes of graduates for the public good.

Academics from four other South African universities add their views, along with others from Brunel and Anglia Ruskin universities, and from Ohio, USA and Valencia, Spain. These authors identify a pedagogy of hope in the social and allied health sciences, look at decolonizing pedagogies, and seek to cultivate global citizenship in engineering courses – all of which are conducive to education for the public good.

This feast of original, authoritative, and inspirational ideas, theories, and reflective accounts of good practice is seasoned by Mala Singh’s overview of the primacy of the public good in transforming higher education. But as she observes, such transformation ‘requires not only tenacious commitment but also clarity of conception about what is required, and the mobilization of a range of role-players around it’. This book shows the way.

Posted by & filed under Events, New books, News.

We were pleased to see so many of our authors, colleagues and friends at this lovely event.

Chris Husbands, Director of the UCL Institute of Education, along with Nicky Platt and Gillian Klein, launched seven new titles from IOE Press and Trentham Books including:

Hugh Starkey also introduced the IOE’s flagship fully Open Access journal London Review of Education.

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Gillian Klein talks about the new Trentham Books publications.

 

 

Posted by & filed under Race Equality Teaching.

Chris Husbands observed in an IOE London blogpost that Michael Gove’s rhetoric was of “a failing school system with some bright lights”, while Ofsted’s evidence is “of a largely effective school system in which the great majority of schools are at least good”. Such tensions are frequently the meat of the Blog and other education commentary.

Policy-makers face a number of tough long-term challenges. Key among them are the role of schools in building community and social cohesion in an increasingly unequal society, and how to secure high levels of both excellence and equity.

Meanwhile, the new school year brings immediate challenges. These include the accountability of free schools and academies, relationships between academies and local authorities and the role of middle-tier agencies, the Department for Education’s tenuous hold on teacher supply, the morale and professional self-respect of teachers, and the reliability and independence of Ofsted.

If the new education secretary, Nicky Morgan, and other policy-makers, are to meet these challenges, they must take their legal and moral responsibilities under the Equality Act 2010 seriously. These responsibilities are, emphatically, not an add-on ­– policy-makers cannot deal effectively with the challenges facing schools unless they begin with the Equality Act, and keep it at the very heart of all they do.

This argument is the basis for the special issue of the journal Race Equality Teaching published this month by IOE Press. The journal has focused for 30 years on racial inequality in educational provision but this issue, compiled by a specially convened editorial team led by Robin Richardson and Berenice Miles, also considers disability, gender, religion and belief, sexual identity and transgender issues. The articles are arranged under headings which correspond to the three needs named in Section 149 of the Equality Act: to eliminate discrimination, to advance equality of opportunity, to foster good relations. Put simply, these needs are about treating everyone the same, treating everyone differently if their differences are relevant, and helping people get on with each other.

The journal leads with an article by Sameena Choudry decrying the DFE’s failure to collect and publish relevant information as required by the Equality Act’s specific duties. She calls for the DFE to make available the data about differential outcomes relating to children’s achievement at school and thus their life-chances. Such data needs to be precise; vague categories such as ‘ethnic minority’, or ‘Asian’, or ‘Black African’, or ‘special educational needs’ are unhelpful and therefore unacceptable. Also unacceptable is the failure to reflect the significant differences between different English regions, the intersectionality of inequalities, and the impact of family income.

Choudry’s challenge to the DFE sets the context for the remaining articles, which offer informed critique of the current provision for children in education who have protected characteristics – and some inspirational examples of good practice. They include definitions of disability and special needs, a case-study of one school’s response to a student’s gender reassignment, the aspirations and needs of Pakistani Muslim children, the impact of gender stereotyping, and the long arm of Section 28 homophobia.

The introduction takes the form of an open letter to the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister and the Leader of the Opposition. It makes the point at the core of this blog post: start with the Equality Act, and put it at the heart of all you do.

Gillian Klein, publisher of Trentham Books at the IOE Press, is the founding editor of Race Equality Teaching, formerly Multicultural Teaching.

Posted by & filed under News.

We’re delighted to see so many of our Trentham Books and IOE Press authors feature heavily in the latest edition of the IOE’s ‘Alumni Life Magazine including:

 

Our recent publications are also featured (pp. 22-24):

 

Also featured are IOE London Blog posts by our authors, Professors Cathie Wallace, Chris Husbands (IOE Director) and Michael Reiss (p. 13)

 

Posted by & filed under News.

Education and Social Mobility, by Kate Hoskins and Bernard Baker, was successfully launched at the University of Roehampton on Tuesday, 10 June.

Melissa Benn, Stephen Ball, and Penny Jane-Burke joined the authors on the discussion panel. The discussion focused on the lessons the book has for policy makers, stressing that there are no quick-fix solutions, and that social mobility is dependent upon economic factors, not just what is taught in schools. It is families that formulate children’s aspirations, and in order to improve social mobility, the government must tackle family poverty.

To find out more, check out some of the press coverage of the book in TES and the Leicester Mercury, and read Bernard Baker’s blog on the University of Leicester website.

To order a copy, please visit the book’s page on our website.

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The panel discusses the book with the audience at the University of Roehampton

 

 

 

 

Posted by & filed under Author blogs.

by Karenanne Knight

Have you heard about the child who was given a book? She tapped it, swiped it, and couldn’t work out that the pages needed to be turned.

In an age of e-readers, tablets and ever smaller electronic reading materials, we can’t guess how long picture books for children will continue to be published and read in paper format. There’s no knowing whether they, like newspapers, novels, magazines, and even manga, will survive.

So why have I written a book about the creation, writing, and illustration of children’s picture books?

Well, whatever their future formats, children will still want stories they can access for themselves. Luckily, picture book writers and illustrators still have stories to tell. Right now, both paper and electronic formats both have their place. Five-year-old Ruby, at first excited to be reading on a tablet the story she knew and loved, very soon shouted, ‘Can I have the rabbit book back?’. Ruby was one of many children who clearly preferred the physical and material nature of the paper book.

A picture book can be designed for both paper and electronic markets. Making it can be a solo effort or a collaborative venture. In The Picture Book Maker, I take my readers through the processes behind creating a picture book from start to finish. I begin with the idea for a story, show how to develop the plot, decide the format, write the narrative and dialogue, bring the characters to life in words and illustrations, and show how to enhance it all with endpapers and other devices.

I also delve into literacy and what it means to us. I trace the history of the picture book and look briefly at the trends in teaching children to read. I consider the questions that dominate lectures at undergraduate and postgraduate courses but will also, I hope, interest picture book enthusiasts. But the book is especially intended to help students of illustration, creative writing, graphic design, or education to get started on creating objects of beauty, fascination, mystery, and suspense for young readers.

What matters most to writers and illustrators is what the children themselves think about books. So I did some research with young readers to find out their views. The consensus was that they wanted a picture book that made them eager to turn the page to see what happens next and that they want to read them over and over again. The most popular format was square – possibly the ideal shape for small hands. Sarah, aged 7, insists that the best books have ‘the shiniest paper and the nicest smell and they feel beautiful to touch’.

As well as paying tribute to the great storytellers and illustrators for young children over the decades, I’ve featured the work of a number of young authors and artists. My aim is to anticipate and tell you everything you need to know to have a go and to inspire and support new creators of joyful picture books for children for many years to come.

Read more and order The Picture Book Maker now.

Posted by & filed under Author blogs.

by Anne M. Dolan

You, Me and Diversity presents picturebooks which inspire, educate and encourage us to care. My cover image of five children happily engaged with a picturebook captures the philosophy of the book. Through discussion, analysis and playful encounters, children develop empathy with characters and an understanding of complex issues related to power and social justice. You, Me and Diversity illustrates the power of picturebooks to introduce complex global issues to children in an age appropriate manner.

Take for example the lyrical story of Ziba came on a boat by Liz Lefthouse and illustrated by Robert Ingpen.The book features young Ziba on a creaky fishing boat journey from war-torn Afganistan in search of freedom. As she travels onwards, her mind travels back in time to the life she is leaving behind. Her warm memories of family, security and compassion inspire hope for the future even during a time of fear. Based on real life events, the powerful images convey Ziba’s emotions as the boat navigates its way over the waves. My children had several questions about Ziba and have spoken a lot about her since this story was read to them. Through extension work, children can learn about empathy, safety, refugees, homelessness and compassion from engaging with this stunning picturebook.

Many beautiful books convey the beauty of our natural environment, through extraordinary illustrations which are works of art in their own right. Books such as The Flower by John Light and illustrated by Lisa Evans show children how to connect to the natural world. This book features a boy moving from a colourless dreary existence to a world of nature following the discovery of planting seeds.Through the eventful story of a plastic bag, Ted Kooser and  Barry Root’s Bag in the Wind teaches the reader the importance of recycling and thinking before throwing away an object that can be reused.

Celebrating cultural diversity is a central theme in this publication. Stories about Wangari Maathai such as Mama Miti: Wangari Maathai and the Trees of Kenya, by Donna Jo Napoli and Kadir Nelson,celebrate the life of the Nobel Prize Winning Kenyan woman who tackled deforestation. Featuring commodities from children’s local shops such as tea, stories such as Elspeth Graham and Juan Wijngaard’s Cloud Tea Monkeys,about a tea picker in a small village in the shadows of the Himalayas, illustrate our interdependence with the rest of the world.

Many justice topics are not easy to broach with children, but the hopeful tone, subtle text, and extraordinary illustrations of these picturebooks ensure that children can understand and engage with these issues without feeling overwhelmed.Picturebooks are a rich source of learning that is too seldom mined. I’ve tried to show how children can be engaged by delightful and beautiful books that help them to understand big issues in the world outside the classroom. Picturebooks engage the minds of children as well as their hearts. I hope you will enjoy You, Me and Diversity as much as I have enjoyed writing this guide to the power of picturebooks.

Read more and order You, Me and Diversity now.

Posted by & filed under Author blogs.

by Frank Coffield

Students are contracting a new disease – bulimia academica – defined as repeated bouts of bingeing on information and regurgitating it in exams. The pressures on students to obtain the best possible grades have become so intense that they feel forced to resort to ingesting large amounts of information and then in government-induced bouts of vomiting, otherwise known as national tests, they spew it out.

The term – bulimia academica – is not being used lightly, as that would insult those suffering from bulimia nervosa. Instead it is considered to be every bit as serious as its medical counterpart. Far from feeling better afterwards, students end up feeling empty and educationally malnourished. The students I’ve interviewed in FE and Sixth Form Colleges come to associate learning not with growing self-confidence and a sense of achievement, but with stress and self-disgust. Learning for them is reduced to the skill of passing exams rather than the means of understanding and coming to love the subjects they’re studying.

The cause of this new disease is no mystery. The increasingly punitive testing regime in England is responsible. Politicians from all the main parties will have you believe that it is robust and rigorous. It’s neither. It’s purgative and emetic and as such is both ineffective and inefficient.

This learning disorder is compounded by its equally distressing twin – anorexia academica – that affects individuals and the system. Some students become anxious about being seen by their classmates to be clever; they restrict their intake to bite-sized chunks of information that makes them easier to swallow – the educational equivalent of chicken nuggets. In their teenage years, they lose their previously keen appetite for learning, give lame excuses for repeated failures to learn and pretend to have studied when they have not (or not to have studied when they have). They spend their time reading self-help books about study skills without ever acquiring any. This response may be the self-harming outcome of having been tested every year since they were five years of age, a regime that has turned their stomachs against learning.

The education system itself also shows symptoms of the same malaise, with some curricula driven by qualifications that have had the educational nourishment stripped out of them. Groups of students can be found in colleges discussing topics about which they don’t have sufficient knowledge to form opinions, and so their learning remains shallow. We offer young people so-called ‘transferable’ skills and then discover they need to be in command of a body of knowledge before they can be either critical or creative.

What’s to be done?

In my new book called Beyond Bulimic Learning: Improving teaching in further education (IOE Press), I’ve scoured the research literature for (and tried out in practice) the most effective interventions, and I discuss the results. Even within the tightening parameters set by government, we can still work at transforming our colleges into learning communities and our tutors into experts in teaching, learning and assessment (TLA). Now that Ofsted has decreed that no college can be judged ‘outstanding’ without being ‘outstanding’ at TLA, the best response is for colleges to access the growing body of knowledge on TLA. And this book is devoted to showing how that can be done and is being done within some colleges.

I shall explore here in a little detail two examples and then list the contents of the other chapters. First, the government policy of identifying and disseminating ‘best practice’ is not working, partly because it builds up psychological resistance in those who are being told implicitly that their practice is poor. Instead we could be using Joint Practice Development (JPD), which is based on mutual trust, where both partners observe and are observed, create and receive practical advice. In these ways JPD restores trust in the professional judgement of teachers.

Another chapter evaluates the use of ‘lipped learning’ where students in their own time watch a video on the knowledge and skills they need to learn next and then come to class to discuss their response. The approach creates valuable space in class for higher-order questions and answers, and more individualized support.

The other chapters explain how to harness the potential power of feedback; how social media can motivate students; how Socratic questioning and peer assessment can change the culture of learning; and how students’ motivation is a combination of psychological and economic factors.

So my answer to the question ‘Can we transform classrooms and colleges without transforming the state?’ is a qualified but emphatic ‘Yes.’

Professor Frank Coffield is Emeritus Professor at the Institute of Education, University of London. His co-authors are Cristina Costa, Lecturer in Lifelong Learning (Technology Enhanced Learning) at the University of Strathclyde; Walter Müller, Emeritus Professor of the School of Pedagogy at the University of Würzburg, Germany; and John Webber, Professional Learning and Development Manager at Sussex Downs College, Lewes and Eastbourne.

A book launch for Beyond Bulimic Learning: Improving teaching in further education will take place at Blackwell’s Bookshop at the IOE on Wednesday 7 May 2014 at 6 p.m.

Posted by & filed under Author blogs.

by Dr Chris Arnold

The European Union is concerned about the rise in youth unemployment across its member states and has allocated 100 million euros for projects to try to tackle the problem.

One project is based on the book I wrote with Tracey Baker, published last summer by Trentham Books and IOE Press.

Becoming NEET: Risks, rewards, and realities examines the concerns about youth disengagement and the dangers to society if youth unemployment continues to rise.

The book tells the stories of five young people affected by the experience of being NEET – not in education, employment or training. Our research revealed that young people who have unstable lives are especially vulnerable, but that the sources of instability can be found in the data held in the existing education records. And by developing local risk factor models it is possible to identify the most vulnerable young people as much as three years before they leave education. Our research shows how early identification can lead to effective interventions that cut drop-out rates by half.

‘Wayne’ is one of our case studies. He lived in a poor part of town; there’s unemployment in his family. At school he had displayed low skills and challenging behaviour. His mother recalled that he enjoyed his junior school but that things got difficult around the second year in high school as the work became demanding. He had support in learning but became increasingly disaffected. The school eventually arranged his education in a training centre which specialized in meeting the needs of children for whom classrooms are difficult places to learn in, but Wayne found this move destabilizing. When he became a father at the age of 16, he wanted to earn money to provide for his son. One stable element in his life was the careers officer (Connexions Personal Advisor) who kept in contact with him throughout his teenage years, and at that point enabled Wayne to find work.

The ideas developed and illustrated in the book – identifying local risk factors, developing screening tools, early identification of vulnerability, and appropriate intervention – have been incorporated in the European project through the Leonardo Foundation. This takes these methods to the Czech Republic, Hungary, Spain, and Eire, and they are all currently collecting data which will be analysed in the UK and used to develop locally focused screening tools.

Becoming NEET has been welcomed by international authorities and I am encouraged by the reception of the book in the participant countries.

Dr Christopher Arnold is a Senior Educational Psychologist working in Sandwell MBC. He has written extensively about the lives of marginalized young people and worked with the local Connexions Service to develop screening tools. His co-author, Tracey Baker, is a Personal Adviser working in Connexions Sandwell, and has developed approaches for working with the most vulnerable young people.

Posted by & filed under Author blogs.

By Elaine Hallet

What defining characteristics do early years leaders have? How do early years leaders help children learn? What leadership of learning practices help children engage in learning inside and outside the nursery, daycare setting, children’s centre, or school? These questions formed the starting point of a research study exploring how graduate early years leaders who were Early Years Professionals worked with young children, families, and practitioners as leaders of practice. The research found that the graduate leaders are leaders of learning in early years practice with children, parents and carers, educators, and practitioners. Their leadership style was nurturing, influencing, collaborative, holistic, and knowledgeable, driven by a passion to work with young children.

The book based on this research, Leadership of Learning in Early Years Practice (IOE Press and Trentham Books), is a professional learning resource that comes with a DVD featuring real-life examples of leadership practice. Leaders discuss their approaches to leadership in a range of settings and contexts. For example, Amanda explains how she leads learning in a small private nursery school using a philosophy of education for children’s learning found in nurseries in the region of Reggio Emilia in Italy. The DVD illustrates how the children lead their own learning through play and creativity, with the support of the staff under Amanda’s leadership. In a different example, Mags explains how she leads pedagogy for children’s outdoor learning in her playgroup. Influenced by pedagogy practiced in Forest Schools in Scandinavia, Mags created a safe woodland area to facilitate children’s risk-taking, exploration, walking, running, and jumping, allowing them to learn in a child-led and creative way.

These examples of strong leadership of learning are accompanied by questions for reflection that will help existing and aspiring early years leaders to improve their practice.

Dr Elaine Hallet is a Lecturer in Early Childhood at the Institute of Education, University of London and author of Leadership of Learning in Early Years Practice (IOE Press and Trentham Books).

Read more and order Leadership of Learning in Early Years Practice now.